The share of the observed agreement (PF) is the sum of the diagonal proportions corresponding to the proportion of cases in each category for which the two councillors agreed on the assignment. Now we have a data framework called coins that contains two columns: flips for coin 1 and flips for coin 2. The irr package will measure for us a simple agreement. The bit “Cohen” comes from its inventor Jacob Cohen. Kappa () is the Greek letter he used for the name of his measure (others used Roman letters, z.B. the “t” in the “t-test,” but compliance measures, by convention, use Greek letters). The R command is kappa2 and not kappa, because the kappa command also exists and does something completely different, which by chance uses the same letter to represent it. It probably would have been better to call the order something like cohen.kappa, but they didn`t. You gave the same answer.

B for four of the five participants. So you accepted 80% of the opportunities. Your approval percentage in this example was 80%. The number of your pair of workshops may be higher or lower. Please note that the “Agreement” project will be published with a code of conduct for Dener. By contributing to this project, you agree to respect its conditions. Let`s now demonstrate cohen`s Interrater Agreement and La Kappa from some real data. For my meta-analysis, I had a classmate program with me. As I encoded many variables for my meta-analysis, and I want this message to be as brief as possible, I selected 2 for this demo – 1 that showed a bad match/kappa at the beginning and 1 that showed great agreement/kappa.

I chose a consensual approach to coding, which means that if my fellow coder and I disagreed, we would meet to discuss and make a decision on how to deal with the discrete code. Sometimes we changed the Codebook accordingly, sometimes either of us misunderstood the study (and found a better code after reviewing it together), and sometimes we had to compromise. We started this process very early, together, after having coded some solo studies and continuing to hit after coding 3-4 studies. If we were to change the Codebook, we would have to recode previous studies and, of course, encode all new studies with the updated Codebook. Cohens Kappa is a measure of compliance calculated in the same way as the example above. The difference between Cohen`s Kappa and what we just did is that Cohens Kappa also looks at situations where spleeners use certain categories more than others. This has an impact on the calculation of the probability that they will agree by chance. For more information, see Cohens Kappa.

In most applications, Kappa`s size is generally more interested than the statistical significance of Kappa.