Turkey Libya Agreement Pdf

The agreement, signed in Istanbul on November 27, 2019, contains the following provisions: ISTANBUL/ANKARA (Reuters) – The internationally recognized government of Libya and Turkey have signed an agreement on maritime borders in the Mediterranean that could complicate Ankara`s disputes over energy exploration with other countries. Greece recognizes its territories within the area between the region of Crete and the island of Meyisti as a single coast. On the other hand, Turkey argues that it is mainly the continental shelves and the borders of the EEZs that must be defined between Libya, Egypt and Turkey. The right of South Cyprus to continental status in the Mediterranean and the agreements based on that acceptance are not valid under international law. Even under the Vienna Convention on Treaty Law, southern Cyprus cannot ignore the equal rights of northern Cyprus and unilaterally take decisions on behalf of the Turkish people living on the island. Turkey and the TRNC disputed the agreements and indicated that the Cyprus-Egypt agreement violated Turkey`s continental borders, that southern Cyprus seriously violated the equality rights of the TRNC, and that these violations were contrary to the principle of fair distribution. This is because coastal geography and structure play a very important role in delimiting marine areas. It is the deciding factor in most years, and it is based on two fundamental principles; “The master of the country`s domination over the sea” and “the coastal state must establish this domination on its coasts.” This fundamental principle has been put forward in all related judicial decisions (Malta-Libya case, continental shutdown case in the Aegean Sea, case of Guinea-Bissau). In Libya, the signing of the memorandum elicited different reactions: it was welcomed by the government`s supporters of the national agreement, but rejected by supporters of Khalifa Haftar and the Tobruk Parliament. Ahmad Al Mismari, the official spokesman for Haftar`s forces, rejected the agreement and warned that “military force will be used to prevent any violation of Libyan sovereignty.” [11] Members of the Tobruk Parliament expressed similar sentiments, while President Aguila Saleh Issa sent a letter to the UN GENERAL SECRETARy, Antonio Guterres, in which they called the agreement “null and void”. Saleh called for the agreement to be ratified by the Tobruk parliament and “Libya and Turkey have no common maritime borders.” [12] In August 2020, Egypt and Greece signed an agreement that designated an exclusive economic zone between the two countries.